Kluge N.Yu. 2012. General system of Neoptera with description of a new species of Embioptera // Russian Entomol. J. Vol.21. No.4: 371–384 [in English].
Department of Entomology, St. Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7/9, St. Petersburg, 199034, Russia. E-mail: kluge@FK13889.spb.edu. Website: http://www.insecta.bio.pu.ru
Key words: insects, systematics, phylogeny, Polyneoptera, Idioprothoraca, Notoptera, Embioptera, Rhipineoptera, Clothoda amazonica, new taxa.
Abstract. Embioptera and Notoptera comprise a holophyletic taxon Idioprothoraca taxon nov., which is characterized by a unique structure of prothoracic lateral walls, two-segmented cerci in the first larval instar and some other characters. Other insect, formerly placed to Polyneoptera Martynov, 1923, constitute a holophyletic taxon Rhipineoptera taxon nov., which is characterized by presence of anal fan on hind wings; all representatives of Rhipineoptera taxon nov., whose anal fan is reduced, retain its vestige. In contrast to them, Idioprothoraca taxon nov. initially have homonomous wings, and their ancestors never had anal fan. The taxon Neoptera is divided into Idioprothoraca taxon nov., Rhipineoptera taxon nov. and Eumetabola; the taxon Eumetabola is divided into Parametabola (= Paraneoptera s.l.) and Metabola (= Oligoneoptera). Various opinions about systematic position of Embioptera, Notoptera and Zoraptera are discussed. New species Clothoda amazonica sp.n. is described basing on male imagoes and nymphs from Peruvian Amazonia.