Gokhman V.E. 2013. Parallel pathways of karyotype evolution in the superfamily Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) // Russian Entomol. J. Vol.22. No.3: 177–179 [in English].
Botanical Garden, Moscow State University, Moscow 119234, Russia. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Key words: Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, chromosomes, karyotypes, parallel evolution.
Abstract. Main pathways of karyotype evolution in the superfamily Chalcidoidea are reviewed in the light of the recent phylogenetic reconstruction [Heraty et al., 2013]. A chromosome set with n = 11 and all subtelocentric and/or acrocentric chromosomes could represent an ancestral character state for the Chalcidoidea. The most frequent haploid karyotypes in the superfamily, i.e. these having five metacentrics and/or submetacentrics of similar size (n = 5) and analogous chromosome sets with n = 6 and an additional small subtelocentric or acrocentric chromosome are supposed to have arisen independently within several major clades of the superfamily Chalcidoidea.