Marin I.N.1, Anker A.2 2005. Two new species of the genus Vir Holthuis, 1952 from Vietnam (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonidae) // Arthropoda Selecta. Vol.14. No.2: 117–128, color plate.

1 Laboratory of Ecology and Morphology of Marine Invertebrates, A. N. Severtzov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Science, Leninsky prospect, 33, 119071 Moscow Russia. E-mail:

2 Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton T6G 2E9 Canada.

KEY WORDS: Palemonidae, Vir, new species, bubble coral, Euphyllia, Caryophyllidae, host specificity, Vietnam.

ABSTRACT. Vir euphyllius, sp.n., and Vir pareuphylius, sp.n., are described on the basis of several specimens of both sexes collected from caryophillid corals Euphyllia spp. in Nhatrang Bay, Vietnam. The new species differ from V. philippinensis Bruce et Svoboda and V. colemani Bruce by the less conspicuous colour pattern and a combination of morphological characters, and from the type species, V. orientalis (Dana), by the absence of a brush of setae on the third pereiopod. The identity of some specimens identified as V. philippinensis or V. orientalis by previous workers is briefly discussed.

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