Sukhodolskaya R.A., Gordienko T.A., Vavilov D.N., Mukhametnabiev T.R., Shagidullin R.R. 2018. [Fauna and population structure of ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in the “Nizhnyaya Kama” National Park territories, disturbed by production of gas and oil] // Euroasian Entomological Journal. Vol.17. No.3: 223–235 [in Russian, with English summary].
Research Institute for Problems of Ecology and Mineral Wealth Use of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences, Daurskaya Str. 28, Kazan 420087 Russia.
ABSTRACT. The studies took place in 2016–2017 at the territory of “Nizhnyaya Kama” National Park (Tatarstan Republic, Russia). At some plots the intensive gas and oil production is proceeded. In total 1190 beetles belonging to 45 species from 19 genera were sampled. Four of them were listed in the Red Book of Tatarstan Republic. The highest biodiversity was registered along oil- and gas pipes and around the pumpjacks. On the contrary, at the control territories biodiversity was lower with the only 22 species of carabids were recorded, but their abundance was higher. The beetle diversity in the distirbed plots was high due to presence of species typical to open areas, namely H. rifipes, B. lampros, P. cupreus, and eurytopic B. quadrimaculatum. Beetle density on the disturbed plots was lower than in control ones. Univariate and multivariate analyze as wells revealed high heterogeneity of studied carabid assemblages structure. It was expressed in the “margin” and “island” effects appearance. To our view, oil production and concomitant events might determine occurred non-stability and heterogeneity of carabid communities.
KEY WORDS: Ground Beetles, structure, biodiversity, disturbed biotopes, edge effect, island effect.