Meluoxina G.V. 2018. [Species composition of harmful entomofauna on sows of winter wheat in the conditions of forestry of Ukraine] // Euroasian Entomological Journal. Vol.17. No.4: 313–316 [in Russian, with English summary].

National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Heroiv Oboroni Str. 13 Build. 4, Kiev 03041 Ukraine.


doi: 10.15298/euroasentj.17.4.11

ABSTRACT. Specification of the species composition of phytophagous insects on winter wheat crops in the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. According to the results of monitoring of agrobiocenosis, 69 species of harmful insects from 8 families have been identified, to some extent they can damage this culture. A number of beetles (Coleoptera) was characterized by the largest species diversity. According to the results of the investigations, it was established that the main and most non-invasive phytophages, which cause significant damage in the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine, are a complex of pest-insect ears: cereal aphids, grain bugs, bread beetles, wheat thrips, and ground beetle. The new 10 species of wheat pests in the study area are related to taxa poorly studied in the region - cicadasses and aphids: Psammotettix striatus L., Macrosteles laevis Rib., Calligypona striatella Fall., Zyginidia sohrab Zachv., Rhopalosiphum padi L., Schizaphis (= Toxoptera) graminum Rond., Macrosiphum (Sitobion) avenae F., Diuraphis noxia (Mordvilko) (= Brachycolus noxius Mordv.), Rhopalosiphum maidis Fitch, Tetraneura ulmi L. The main economically important types of pests of wheat in the Kiev region are: Phorbia genitalis Schnabl., Elachiptera cornuta Fll., Leptohylemyia coarctata Flln., Oscinella frit L., Chlorops pumilionis Bjerk., Oscinella frit L., Meromyza nigriventris Mcg., Agromyza ambigua Fall., Agromyza mobilis Meig., Opomyza germinationis L., Opomyza florum F., Mayetiola destructor Say., Agromyza ambigua Fall. Locally and not every year is harmed: Tettigonia viridissima L., Calliptamus italicus L., Locusta migratoria L., Pachynematus clitellatus Lep. The majority of economically significant insect pests of wheat in the forest-steppe of Ukraine are widespread, mostly steppe, species.

KEY WORDS: winter wheat, harmful entomofauna, species composition, entomocomplex.

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